We propose an explicit rate indication scheme for congestion avoidance in ATM networks. In this scheme, the network switches monitor their load on each link, determining a load factor, the available capacity, and the number of currently active virtual channels. This information is used to advise the sources about the rates at which they should transmit. The algorithm is designed to achieve efficiency, fairness, controlled queueing delays, and fast transient response. The algorithm is also robust to measurement errors caused due to variation in ABR demand and capacity. We present performance analysis of the scheme using both analytical arguments and simulation results. The scheme is being implemented by several ATM switch manufacturers.
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