A congestion avoidance scheme for data traffic in ATM networks. The scheme achieves both efficiency and fairness, and exhibits a fast transient response. A congestion avoidance scheme for ATM networks is described which has its optimal operating point at 100% utilization and a fixed, non-zero queue delay. The scheme improves control of end-to-end delay and keeps link utilization of expensive links high despite idle periods in the input load.
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